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1957 Moto Morini Briscola 175
£ 2,507.52 (€ 2,850.00)($ 3,143.84)

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Moto Morini is an Italian motorcycle company founded in 1937 based in Trivolzio (PV), while the previous factory, occupied since the 2000s and left in 2014, was located in Casalecchio di Reno (BO). In 1925 Mario Mazzetti, who had designed and built a 125 cm³ motorcycle, the 125 cc MM, taken as his partner Alfonso Morini, who ran and won several official competitions for a long time and conquered several world records. In 1937 Alfonso Morini decides to start his own activity as a motorcycle manufacturer and gets sold off by Mario Mazzetti. Moto Morini was founded - based in Bologna, in via Malvasia [1] - that at the beginning of its activity is dedicated to the construction of motor vehicles and engines, to respect the agreement with the former partner Mazzetti not to produce motorcycles . In 1939, Morini established itself in the sector with the M610, a sturdy motor with shaft drive, dry sump lubrication and a separate gearbox. Once again it is the war that stops Alfonso, who is forced to convert the factory for the construction of war, which continues until 1943, when a bombing razed the building to the ground.

As soon as the war is over, the headquarters are moved to via Berti [2]. Alfonso Morini immediately starts working on the bikes he has always loved, he resumes his activity in 1946 in Bologna, via Berti, and presents the 125cc 2-stroke single-cylinder T125 (inspired by the German DKW RT 125. It is an immediate success. 1947 the T125 Sport was born.As a former pilot and a valid designer, as competition was the only means then existing to publicize a brand, Alfonso Morini wasted no time and began to compete in. The following year, 1948, Raffaele Alberti he graduates Italian champion Motoleggere piloting a Moto Morini 125 Competition.The following year the success is repeated with Umberto Masetti.This 4-stroke single-cylinder motorcycle already capable of running at 10,000 rpm, in 1952 gives the first successes of the Championship World Championships in the Grand Prix of Nations and in the Grand Prix of Spain, thanks to Emilio Mendogni These valid 4-stroke engines also arrive on production bikes, the first expression of which is 175. It is the 1955 when the increased production needs deriving from the commercial successes forced Moto Morini to move to a new production site, also in Bologna, via Bergami. From the "175" comes the "Settebello Auctions Corte", under the guidance of the novice Giacomo Agostini, destined to become a champion of motorcycling, conquers the cadet championship in 1962 and, in the following year, the Italian Junior and Mountain Speed ??Championships . At the same time Alfonso Morini, Dante Lambertini and Nerio Biavati developed the Bialbero 250, which in 1958 won the Nations with Mendogni and was second with Zubani. In 1960 at the helm of the 250 Bialbero arrives Tarquinio Provini, who in the following two years will graduate Italian champion. In 1963 Morini took part in the 250 class of the world championship, against the then unbeatable Honda. The dream of winning the World Championship, however, fades for only two points, due to the limited company budget that did not allow participation in some races and a trivial illness of Tarquinio Provini at the last race. As far as series production is concerned, the Sbarazzino 100 and the Corsaro 125, bikes designed for road use, are very popular in the sixties. But the Moto Morini sports soul emerges again when the latter is derived from the Fast Corsair, which will then be declined in numerous sporting variants (the Competition, the Sport, the Luxury, the Super Sport, the Country, the Regularity, this last winner of the International Six Days of 1966 in Sweden and the Italian Regular Championships of 1967 and 1968). Also the engine is revitalized increasing its displacement to 150 cm³ and consequently the performance, flanked by an entry model of lower displacement, the Corsarino 48. Just the Corsarino, produced and sold in different models (Z, ZZ, ZT, Scrambler and Super Scrambler) uninterruptedly from 1963 to 1977, will be one of the most popular models of the Bolognese house. Despite being a moped according to Italian legislation, it was actually built as a real bike with a double cradle frame and 4-stroke engine, soon becoming one of the most coveted vehicles by young people of the time.

This version was also produced a version with a motor increased to 60 cm³ (called "Pirate" or "Twister"), for export to the USA. Alfonso Morini died in 1969, the reins of Moto Morini are taken by his daughter Gabriella. In 1970 the designer arrived and became the innovator and soul of Moto Morini in the coming years, Franco Lambertini, coming from Ferrari. Often referred to as engineer Lambertini, in reality he supported only a few exams of the degree course and, despite the inaccurate press reports in this regard, he had no relationship with the homonymous technician of the racing department. This is how the new engine, ready to equip a long series of motorcycles that will be appreciated all over the world for the next twenty years, sees the light. The architecture chosen is that of the longitudinal V-twin with an angle between the two cylinders of 72 °, an excellent compromise between the more balanced solution at V of 90 ° and the V-shaped one decidedly narrow, more favorable in terms of overall dimensions. The distribution to rods and rockers optimally matches with the parallel valves, and in the early seventies, long before the definitive affirmation of the 4 valve valves per cylinder, it is a solution that still allows to obtain sufficient specific power for the series engines . To confirm this, just remember that with just over 100 hp / liter the 350 Morini proved to be the fastest bike in its category, remaining such for several years.

This twin cylinder boasted valid solutions, at the same time avant-garde and unusual for the time, such as the timing belt (the first motorcycle engine in the world to use this solution) and the dry multi-plate clutch, which was the prerogative of motorcycles competition. It was presented at the 1971 Milan Motor Show, creating great fanfare. The following year, around this engine, the most successful motorcycle in the history of Moto Morini was born: the 3 ½. Following the great success, the 3 1/2 is joined in 1974 by the 3 1/2 Sport with the most racing characteristics, mainly the most driven camshaft and the compression ratio that goes from 9 to 10: 1. But one of the major innovations of Lambertini was the fact of conceiving the 350 cm³ engine as modular, from which with minimal investment derived numerous other projects including the 125H and 250T with single-cylinder engine and the 250J, 500 GT, 500 Sport and Six twin-cylinder engines -V.

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